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versteckter download counter

1 Rudy

Hi,

Man sieht ja oft auf Seiten Download-Counter in der Art, dass die Dateien heruntergeladen werden über Links in der Form "download.php?id=1234" oder ähnlich. Da mir das nicht besonders gefällt, stelle ich hier eine etwas andere Lösung vor.

Die Download-Dateien beliebigen Typs werden alle abgelegt im Ordner /downloads/, z.B.
/downloads/alle-meine-entchen.mp3 
/downloads/silvester.doc

Die Downloads werden erfasst in der MySQL-Tabelle "downloads":
Tabelle "downloads"
----------------------------------------
| id |      filename            |counter|
----------------------------------------
| 1  | alle-meine-entchen.mp3   |   0   | 
----------------------------------------
| 2  |     silvester.doc        |   0   |
---------------------------------------

Im Ordner /php/tools/ liegt der Download-Counter "getfile.php". Dieses Skript zählt im Hintergrund die Downloads, indem es in die Tabelle "downloads" das Feld "counter" hochzählt, in dem das Feld "filename" den Wert des Dateinamens hat.

/php/tools/getfile.php

<?php
define('DOWNLOADS_ROOT', '/var/www/public/domain.com/downloads/'); //absoluter Server-Pfad zum Downloads-Verzeichnis
require './mimetypes.php';
$filename = $_GET['filename'];
if (file_exists(DOWNLOADS_ROOT.$filename)) {
  $conn = mysql_connect('server-name', 'benutzername', 'passwort') or die('Fehler bei der MySQL-Verbindung');
  if (!mysql_select_db('datenbankname', $conn)) die('Fehler beim Wählen der Datenbank!');
  mysql_query('UPDATE downloads SET counter=counter+1 WHERE filename=\''.mysql_real_escape_string($filename, $conn).'\'', $conn);  
  if (mysql_errno($conn)) die(mysql_error($conn));
  mysql_close($conn);
  header('Content-type: '.mime_type($filename));
  header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="'.$filename.'"');
  readfile(DOWNLOADS_ROOT.$filename);
}
?>

Ein include wird in dem Download-Skript benötigt, um den entsprechenden Mime-Type zu ermitteln, /php/tools/mimetypes.php:

<?php
//http://www.w3schools.com/media/media_mimeref.asp
function mime_type($filename) {
  $extension = strtolower(substr(strrchr($filename, "."), 1));
  switch($extension) {
    case '323'    : $mimetype = 'text/h323'; break; 
    case 'acx'    : $mimetype = 'application/internet-property-stream'; break; 
    case 'ai'     : $mimetype = 'application/postscript'; break; 
    case 'aif'    : $mimetype = 'audio/x-aiff'; break; 
    case 'aifc'   : $mimetype = 'audio/x-aiff'; break; 
    case 'aiff'   : $mimetype = 'audio/x-aiff'; break; 
    case 'asf'    : $mimetype = 'video/x-ms-asf'; break; 
    case 'asr'    : $mimetype = 'video/x-ms-asf'; break; 
    case 'asx'    : $mimetype = 'video/x-ms-asf'; break; 
    case 'au'     : $mimetype = 'audio/basic'; break; 
    case 'avi'    : $mimetype = 'video/x-msvideo'; break; 
    case 'axs'    : $mimetype = 'application/olescript'; break; 
    case 'bas'    : $mimetype = 'text/plain'; break; 
    case 'bcpio'  : $mimetype = 'application/x-bcpio'; break; 
    case 'bin'    : $mimetype = 'application/octet-stream'; break; 
    case 'bmp'    : $mimetype = 'image/bmp'; break; 
    case 'c'      : $mimetype = 'text/plain'; break; 
    case 'cat'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-pkiseccat'; break; 
    case 'cdf'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-cdf'; break; 
    case 'cer'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-x509-ca-cert'; break; 
    case 'class'  : $mimetype = 'application/octet-stream'; break; 
    case 'clp'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-msclip'; break; 
    case 'cmx'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-cmx'; break; 
    case 'cod'    : $mimetype = 'image/cis-cod'; break; 
    case 'cpio'   : $mimetype = 'application/x-cpio'; break; 
    case 'crd'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-mscardfile'; break; 
    case 'crl'    : $mimetype = 'application/pkix-crl'; break; 
    case 'crt'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-x509-ca-cert'; break; 
    case 'csh'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-csh'; break; 
    case 'css'    : $mimetype = 'text/css'; break; 
    case 'dcr'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-director'; break; 
    case 'der'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-x509-ca-cert'; break; 
    case 'dir'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-director'; break; 
    case 'dll'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-msdownload'; break; 
    case 'dms'    : $mimetype = 'application/octet-stream'; break; 
    case 'doc'    : $mimetype = 'application/msword'; break; 
    case 'dot'    : $mimetype = 'application/msword'; break; 
    case 'dvi'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-dvi'; break; 
    case 'dxr'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-director'; break; 
    case 'eps'    : $mimetype = 'application/postscript'; break; 
    case 'etx'    : $mimetype = 'text/x-setext'; break; 
    case 'evy'    : $mimetype = 'application/envoy'; break; 
    case 'exe'    : $mimetype = 'application/octet-stream'; break; 
    case 'fif'    : $mimetype = 'application/fractals'; break; 
    case 'flr'    : $mimetype = 'x-world/x-vrml'; break; 
    case 'gif'    : $mimetype = 'image/gif'; break; 
    case 'gtar'   : $mimetype = 'application/x-gtar'; break; 
    case 'gz'     : $mimetype = 'application/x-gzip'; break; 
    case 'h'      : $mimetype = 'text/plain'; break; 
    case 'hdf'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-hdf'; break; 
    case 'hlp'    : $mimetype = 'application/winhlp'; break; 
    case 'hqx'    : $mimetype = 'application/mac-binhex40'; break; 
    case 'hta'    : $mimetype = 'application/hta'; break; 
    case 'htc'    : $mimetype = 'text/x-component'; break; 
    case 'htm'    : $mimetype = 'text/html'; break; 
    case 'html'   : $mimetype = 'text/html'; break; 
    case 'htt'    : $mimetype = 'text/webviewhtml'; break; 
    case 'ico'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-icon'; break; 
    case 'ief'    : $mimetype = 'image/ief'; break; 
    case 'iii'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-iphone'; break; 
    case 'ins'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-internet-signup'; break; 
    case 'isp'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-internet-signup'; break; 
    case 'jfif'   : $mimetype = 'image/pipeg'; break; 
    case 'jpe'    : $mimetype = 'image/jpeg'; break; 
    case 'jpeg'   : $mimetype = 'image/jpeg'; break; 
    case 'jpg'    : $mimetype = 'image/jpeg'; break; 
    case 'js'     : $mimetype = 'application/x-javascript'; break; 
    case 'latex'  : $mimetype = 'application/x-latex'; break; 
    case 'lha'    : $mimetype = 'application/octet-stream'; break; 
    case 'lsf'    : $mimetype = 'video/x-la-asf'; break; 
    case 'lsx'    : $mimetype = 'video/x-la-asf'; break; 
    case 'lzh'    : $mimetype = 'application/octet-stream'; break; 
    case 'm13'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-msmediaview'; break; 
    case 'm14'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-msmediaview'; break; 
    case 'm3u'    : $mimetype = 'audio/x-mpegurl'; break; 
    case 'man'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-troff-man'; break; 
    case 'mdb'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-msaccess'; break; 
    case 'me'     : $mimetype = 'application/x-troff-me'; break; 
    case 'mht'    : $mimetype = 'message/rfc822'; break; 
    case 'mhtml'  : $mimetype = 'message/rfc822'; break; 
    case 'mid'    : $mimetype = 'audio/mid'; break; 
    case 'mny'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-msmoney'; break; 
    case 'mov'    : $mimetype = 'video/quicktime'; break; 
    case 'movie'  : $mimetype = 'video/x-sgi-movie'; break; 
    case 'mp2'    : $mimetype = 'video/mpeg'; break; 
    case 'mp3'    : $mimetype = 'audio/mpeg'; break; 
    case 'mpa'    : $mimetype = 'video/mpeg'; break; 
    case 'mpe'    : $mimetype = 'video/mpeg'; break; 
    case 'mpeg'   : $mimetype = 'video/mpeg'; break; 
    case 'mpg'    : $mimetype = 'video/mpeg'; break; 
    case 'mpp'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-project'; break; 
    case 'mpv2'   : $mimetype = 'video/mpeg'; break; 
    case 'ms'     : $mimetype = 'application/x-troff-ms'; break; 
    case 'mvb'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-msmediaview'; break; 
    case 'nws'    : $mimetype = 'message/rfc822'; break; 
    case 'oda'    : $mimetype = 'application/oda'; break; 
    case 'p10'    : $mimetype = 'application/pkcs10'; break; 
    case 'p12'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-pkcs12'; break; 
    case 'p7b'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-pkcs7-certificates'; break; 
    case 'p7c'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-pkcs7-mime'; break; 
    case 'p7m'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-pkcs7-mime'; break; 
    case 'p7r'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-pkcs7-certreqresp'; break; 
    case 'p7s'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-pkcs7-signature'; break; 
    case 'pbm'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-portable-bitmap'; break; 
    case 'pdf'    : $mimetype = 'application/pdf'; break; 
    case 'pfx'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-pkcs12'; break; 
    case 'pgm'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-portable-graymap'; break; 
    case 'pko'    : $mimetype = 'application/ynd.ms-pkipko'; break; 
    case 'pma'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-perfmon'; break; 
    case 'pmc'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-perfmon'; break; 
    case 'pml'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-perfmon'; break; 
    case 'pmr'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-perfmon'; break; 
    case 'pmw'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-perfmon'; break; 
    case 'pnm'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-portable-anymap'; break; 
    case 'pot,'   : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint'; break; 
    case 'ppm'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-portable-pixmap'; break; 
    case 'pps'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint'; break; 
    case 'ppt'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint'; break; 
    case 'prf'    : $mimetype = 'application/pics-rules'; break; 
    case 'ps'     : $mimetype = 'application/postscript'; break; 
    case 'pub'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-mspublisher'; break; 
    case 'qt'     : $mimetype = 'video/quicktime'; break; 
    case 'ra'     : $mimetype = 'audio/x-pn-realaudio'; break; 
    case 'ram'    : $mimetype = 'audio/x-pn-realaudio'; break; 
    case 'ras'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-cmu-raster'; break; 
    case 'rgb'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-rgb'; break; 
    case 'rmi'    : $mimetype = 'audio/mid'; break; 
    case 'roff'   : $mimetype = 'application/x-troff'; break; 
    case 'rtf'    : $mimetype = 'application/rtf'; break; 
    case 'rtx'    : $mimetype = 'text/richtext'; break; 
    case 'scd'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-msschedule'; break; 
    case 'sct'    : $mimetype = 'text/scriptlet'; break; 
    case 'setpay' : $mimetype = 'application/set-payment-initiation'; break; 
    case 'setreg' : $mimetype = 'application/set-registration-initiation'; break; 
    case 'sh'     : $mimetype = 'application/x-sh'; break; 
    case 'shar'   : $mimetype = 'application/x-shar'; break; 
    case 'sit'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-stuffit'; break; 
    case 'snd'    : $mimetype = 'audio/basic'; break; 
    case 'spc'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-pkcs7-certificates'; break; 
    case 'spl'    : $mimetype = 'application/futuresplash'; break; 
    case 'src'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-wais-source'; break; 
    case 'sst'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-pkicertstore'; break; 
    case 'stl'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-pkistl'; break; 
    case 'stm'    : $mimetype = 'text/html'; break; 
    case 'sv4cpio': $mimetype = 'application/x-sv4cpio'; break; 
    case 'sv4crc' : $mimetype = 'application/x-sv4crc'; break; 
    case 'svg'    : $mimetype = 'image/svg+xml'; break; 
    case 'swf'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-shockwave-flash'; break; 
    case 't'      : $mimetype = 'application/x-troff'; break; 
    case 'tar'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-tar'; break; 
    case 'tcl'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-tcl'; break; 
    case 'tex'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-tex'; break; 
    case 'texi'   : $mimetype = 'application/x-texinfo'; break; 
    case 'texinfo': $mimetype = 'application/x-texinfo'; break; 
    case 'tgz'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-compressed'; break; 
    case 'tif'    : $mimetype = 'image/tiff'; break; 
    case 'tiff'   : $mimetype = 'image/tiff'; break; 
    case 'tr'     : $mimetype = 'application/x-troff'; break; 
    case 'trm'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-msterminal'; break; 
    case 'tsv'    : $mimetype = 'text/tab-separated-values'; break; 
    case 'txt'    : $mimetype = 'text/plain'; break; 
    case 'uls'    : $mimetype = 'text/iuls'; break; 
    case 'ustar'  : $mimetype = 'application/x-ustar'; break; 
    case 'vcf'    : $mimetype = 'text/x-vcard'; break; 
    case 'vrml'   : $mimetype = 'x-world/x-vrml'; break; 
    case 'wav'    : $mimetype = 'audio/x-wav'; break; 
    case 'wcm'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-works'; break; 
    case 'wdb'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-works'; break; 
    case 'wks'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-works'; break; 
    case 'wmf'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-msmetafile'; break; 
    case 'wps'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-works'; break; 
    case 'wri'    : $mimetype = 'application/x-mswrite'; break; 
    case 'wrl'    : $mimetype = 'x-world/x-vrml'; break; 
    case 'wrz'    : $mimetype = 'x-world/x-vrml'; break; 
    case 'xaf'    : $mimetype = 'x-world/x-vrml'; break; 
    case 'xbm'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-xbitmap'; break; 
    case 'xla'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-excel'; break; 
    case 'xlc'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-excel'; break; 
    case 'xlm'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-excel'; break; 
    case 'xls'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-excel'; break; 
    case 'xlt'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-excel'; break; 
    case 'xlw'    : $mimetype = 'application/vnd.ms-excel'; break; 
    case 'xof'    : $mimetype = 'x-world/x-vrml'; break; 
    case 'xpm'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-xpixmap'; break; 
    case 'xwd'    : $mimetype = 'image/x-xwindowdump'; break; 
    case 'z'      : $mimetype = 'application/x-compress'; break; 
    case 'zip'    : $mimetype = 'application/zip'; break; 
    default       : $mimetype = 'application/octet-stream'; break; 
  }  
  return $mimetype;
}
?>

In der .htaccess legen wir nun die Rule an, um den Download-Counter im Hintergrund laufen zu lassen. Ziel ist, den Download-Counter anzuwerfen, indem nun einfach ein Link auf die jeweilige Download-Datei gesetzt wird.

.htaccess
RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^downloads/([A-Za-z0-9\-_]+\.[A-Za-z0-9]+)$ ./php/tools/getfile.php?filename=$1

Wird nun eine Datei direkt angesprochen, z.B. über den Link
<a href="/downloads/alle-meine-entchen.mp3" alt="Alle meine Entchen">Download</a>
wird, von außen nicht ersichtlich, der Download-Counter angesprochen, Counter aufgezählt und der Dateidownload erzwungen (also die Anzeige im Browser, auch für Bilddateien etc., unterbunden [Content-Disposition: attachment]). Das Feld "counter" kann irgendwo ausgelesen werden um die Anzahl der Downloads für die erfassten Dateien anzuzeigen.

28.12.2007 15:44 | geändert: 30.12.2007 14:26

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